There is a tendency to associate science with technology so closely that they are considered a linear continuum, while innovation is now the new craze which is mentioned in every matter concerning S&T. It is now illogically nailed into the duo of S&T to make a more confusing trio – science, technology and innovation.
There is no doubt that there are organic associations between science and technology and these have profound influences on innovative capacity, however there are natural discontinuities in these relationships that should be respected, especially when execution and implementation are concerned1.
There are clear distinctions between science and technology, and even more variance between these and innovation. While S&T are developmental tools, innovation speaks to imaginative outlooks, or novel ways in which these tools may be used.