Teachers use a variety of different approaches when instructing their students. Sometimes teachers lecture their students; at other times they encourage their students to work together to accomplish a goal. Macro and micro teaching come into play, as well, because they help dictate what a teacher teaches, how the teacher provides that instruction and who is included in each classroom activity.
Even for the most conscientious students, making the transition from high school to college can be tricky. In general, students go from attending all of their classes every day to attending a class only a few times a week. This reality puts time management skills to the test, but you can triumph over this and other challenges by being proactive.
The concept of student-centered learning is an idea that has changed the way educators view how a classroom should look. The traditional style of teacher-centered learning where the teacher stands in front of the class and lectures to students is no longer some schools' accepted style of teaching. A student-centered classroom is one where the student plays an active role in his learning and the teacher merely serves as a guide.