Being a teacher is one of the most valuable and important occupations out there. After all, teachers are partially responsible for shaping the futures of young minds (and as a result, the world as a whole) and interacting with children in their key formative years, when thoughts, study habits and ideas are just beginning to form and come together.
It is a common misconception that grading and assessment are one and the same. While assessment in schools involves assigning grades, it is more than that for both the teacher and the learner. By assessing what the student knows, how he learns and how he compares to his peers, the teacher and student can work together to set appropriate learning goals.
Assessing what a student knows is not as simple as it might sound. Students must express what they know for the teacher to effectively evaluate it. Whether verbally, through writing or by some other tangible expression, the student must demonstrate to the teacher that he knows the material. Using varied assessment methods to reach all types of learners is most effective.
Teachers monitor student progress for several purposes. Teachers can use monitoring tools to evaluate how well an individual student learns new concepts presented in class and how well she retains skills and concepts previously learned. Teachers can also evaluate how well the current teaching program performs in reaching students and what changes can be made in the way things are taught to improve learning.